The History of Pakistan

Pakistan is the type of country that is steeped in history. From the era that civilization first began and the initial developments along the Indus River Valley from more than 5000 years back to its present, the cultures and Pakistani people in this region have undergone some several changes in influences.

In the era of the 1700s, the British East India Company quickly became the strongest power in the whole of South Asia. They wrestled this control from the Mughal Empire which was created by the invading Muslim Turks. As time went by the British went onto gain political power over nearly the entire region which was followed by some wars fought in Sind and Punjab in the 1840s.

When World War I ended the Indian Nationalist leaders which included the “Muslim League” and Mohandas Gandhi called for their South Asian independence. In the time of the 1930’s the Muslim League became to prefer the onset of a separated Muslim nation.

After World War II England went onto commit itself to an “independent” South Asia. Following the unrest between the Muslims and the Hindus of this region, the Hindu leaders and the United Kingdom agreed to a partition for this region. On the 14 August 1947, Pakistan became its own independent country.

In the year 1956, Pakistan becomes classified as a republic with Major General Iskander Mirza as the country’s first president. In the year 1965, the disputes over Kashmir resulted in renewed fighting and against the United Nations have to make arrangements to cease fire.

In the early part of the 1970s, President Yahya Khan resigned, which was followed by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto who restored civilian and constitutional government rule. The marital laws ended in the year 1985 when Zia allowed for the elections for a New Parliament. Just three years later he removed their prime minister and the parliament from their powers.

In October 1999, General Pervez Musharraf led the military coup to stop corruption in government. He went onto dissolve their parliament, suspend the Constitution and went onto declare himself as the head of this transitional government. Later on in the year 2001, he made himself the president. After the parliament building was exposed to attack in India which caused the injury and death of 20 people, India went onto blame Pakistan for supporting terrorists.